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Wednesday, October 3, 2012

Spiders

Order Araneae


In Singapore, more than 300 species of spiders have been identified[1]. There are two known suborders here, namely Mygalomorphae and Araneomorphae.

Left: Central Catchment Area. Right: Upper Peirce ©Eddy Lee

Left: Mandai. Right: Dairy Farm ©Eddy Lee

Left: Mating spiders at Dairy Farm. Right: Feeding at Chestnut Trail ©Eddy Lee

Rifle Range ©Eddy Lee

Rifle Range ©Eddy Lee

Suborder Mygalomorphae

Purse-web Spiders (Family Atypidae)
Calommata sundaica

Curtain-web Spiders (Family Hexathelidae)
Macrothele maculata

Tube Trapdoor Spiders (Family Nemesiidae)
Damarchus workmani

Brushed Trapdoor Spiders (Family Barychelidae)
ldioctis littoralis
Monodontium bukittimah
Rhianodes atratus
Sipalolasma aedificatrix

Tarantulas (Family Theraphosidae)
Coremiocnemis valida
Haplopelma robustum
Lampropelma violaceopes
Singapore Tarantula Phlogiellus inermis
Selenocosmiaja vanensis

Suborder Araneomorphae

Haplogynae

Superfamily Scytodoidea

Spitting Spiders (Family Scytodidae)
Brown Spitting Spider Scytodes fusca
Scytodes longipes
Pale Spitting Spider Scytodes pallida
Scytodes venusta

Superfamily Leptonetoidea

Long-legged Cave Spiders (Family Telemidae)
Jocquella sp.

Midget Ground Weavers (Family Ochyroceratidae)
Althepus sp.

Superfamily Pholcoidea

Daddy-long-legs (Family Pholcidae)
Artema atlanta
Tailed Daddy-long-leg Crossopriza lyoni
Pholcus gracillimus
Round-bodied Daddy-long-leg Physocyclus globosus
Pale Daddy-long-leg Smeringopus pallidus
Spermophora sp.
Leaf-dwelling Daddy-long-leg Uthina atrigularis
Uthina luzonica

Superfamily Caponioidea

Armoured Spiders (Family Tetrablemmidae)
Brignoliella michaeli
Paculla sp.
Singaporemma singulare

Superfamily Dysderoidea

Goblin Spiders (Family Oonopidae)
Gamasomorpha camelina
Gamasomorpha lalana
Ischnothyreus flagellichelis
Opopaea punctata
Xyphinus hystrix

Entelegynae

Superfamily Palpimanoidea

Family Stenochilidae
Colopea malayana
Colopea pusilla

Palp-footed Spiders (Family Palpimanidae)
Boagrius pumilus
Sarascelis raffrayi

Superfamily Eresoidea

Tiny House Dwellers (Family Oecobiidae)
Common Tiny House Dweller Oecobius concinnus

Two-tailed Spiders (Family Hersiliidae)
Common Two-Tailed Spider Hersilia savignyi
Hersilia yunnanensis
Murricia cornuta

Superfamily Uloboroidea

Net-casting Spiders (Family Dinopidae)
Ogre-Faced Spider Dinopis sp.

Feather-legged Spiders (Family Uloboridae)
Miagrammopes sexpunctatus
Miagrammopes singaporensis
Philoponella quadrituberculata
Philoponella raffrayi
Philoponella truncata
Uloborus oculatus
Uloborus undulatus
Humped Spider Zosis geniculatus

Superfamily Araneoidea

Comb-footed Spiders (Family Theridiidae)
Rolled-leaf Comb-footed Spider Achaearanea mundulum
Achaearanea triangula
Anelosimus kohi
Silver Comb-footed Spider Argyrodes argentatus
Argyrodes fasciatus
Split-faced Silver Spider Argyrodes fissifrons
Whip Spider Argyrodes flagellum
Red Silver Spider Argyrodes flavescens
Argyrodes miniaceus
Argyrodes xiphias
Golden Comb-footed Spider Chrysso sp.
Coleosoma blandum
Dipoena martinae
Episinus mucronatus
Episinus pictus
Episinus rhomboidalis
Molione triacantha
Moneta mirabilis
Theridion aureomaculatum
Theridion aureum
Theridion deltaforme
Theridion labeculosum
Theridion inquinatum
Theridion pinastri
Theridion t-notatum
Theridion tubicola
Theridion weberi

Ray Spiders (Family Theridiosomatidae)
Theridiosoma fasciatum

Dwarf Spiders (Family Linyphiidae)
Batueta voluta
Ceratinopsis blesti
Johorea decorata
Linyphia rugosa
Nasoona chrysanthusi
Neriene sinensis
Pseudomicrocentria simplex

Big-jawed Spiders (Family Tetragnathidae)
Silver Leucauge Leucauge argentina
Leucauge celebesiana
Decorative Leucauge Leucauge decorata
Leucauge fibulata
Mesida gemmea
Opadometa fastigata
Opadometa grata
Tetragnatha chauliodus
Tetragnatha hirashimai
Mangrove Big-jawed Spider Tetragnatha josephi
Common Big-jawed Spider Tetragnatha mandibulata
Tetragnatha maxillosa
Tetragnatha serra
Striated Tylorida Tylorida striata
Big-bellied Tylorida Tylorida ventralis

Golden Web Spiders (Family Nephilidae)
Ornamental Tree-trunk Spider Herennia ornatissima
Batik Golden Web Spider Nephila antipodiana
Golden Web Spider Nephila pilipes
Malabar Spider Nephilengys malabarensis

Orb-web Spiders (Family Araneidae)
Scarlet Acusilas Acusilas coccineus
Flat Anepsion Anepsion depressium
Scorpion Spider Arachnura sp
Araneus anaspastus
Araneus inustus
Kidney Garden Spider Araneus mitificus
Araneus noegeatus
Oval St Andrew's Cross Spider Argiope aemula
Mangrove St Andrew's Cross Spider Argiope mangal
Multi-coloured St Andrew's Cross Spider Argiope versicolor
Caerostris sumatrana
Long-bellied Cyclosa Cyclosa bifida
Cyclosa centrodes
Cyclosa confraga
Island Cyclosa Cyclosa insulana
Cyclosa micula
Cyclosa mulmeinensis
Cyclosa nigra
Cyclosa pellaxoides
Cyrtarachne conica
Beccari's Tent Spider Cyrtophora beccarii
Cyrtophora cicatrosa
Cyrtophora citricola
Cyrtophora cylindroides
Cyrtophora eczematica
Double-tailed Tent Spider Cyrtophora exanthematica
Cyrtophora moluccensis
Red Tent Spider Cyrtophora unicolor
Laglaise's Garden Spider Eriovixia laglaisei
Curved Spiny Spider Gasteracantha arcuata
Gasteracantha diardi
Doria's Spiny Spider Gasteracantha doriae
Hasselt's Spiny Spider Gasteracantha hasseltii
Black-and-white Spiny Spider Gasteracantha kuhlii
Gasteracantha mengei
Gasteracantha picta
Gea spinipes
Gea subarmata
Heurodes porculus
Heurodes turritus
Milonia albula
Milonia obtusa
Neogea egregia
Neogea nocticolor
Neoscona bengalensis
Brown Sailor Spider Neoscona nautica
Neoscona punctigera
Brown-legged Spider Neoscona rufofemorata
Ordgarius sexspinosus
Common Garden Spider Parawixia dehaani
Poltys apiculatus
Tree-stump Spider Poltys illepidus
Singa perpolita
Double-spotted Spiny Spider Thelacantha brevispina
Capped Black-headed Spider Zygiella calyptrata
Zygiella nadleri

Superfamily Lycosoidea

Wolf Spiders (Family Lycosidae)
Lawn Wolf Spider Hippasa holmerae
Hogna stictopyga
Pond Wolf Spider Pardosa pseudoannulata
Pardosa rabulana
White-dotted Wolf Spider Venonia coruscans

Nursery Web Spiders (Family Pisauridae)
Dendrolycosa robusta
Four-spotted Nursery Web Spider Eurychoera quadrimaculata
Flexible-legged Spider Hygropoda prognatha
Single-striped Grass Spider Perenethis unifasciata
Brown Grass Spider Polyboea vulpina
Singapore Fishing Spider Thalassius albocinctus

Lynx Spiders (Family Oxyopidae)
Oxyopes auratus
Burmese Lynx Spider Oxyopes birmanicus
Oxyopes hotingchiehi
Oxyopes javanus
Oxyopes lineatipes
Oxyopes macilentus
Oxyopes quadridentatus
Oxyopes sikkimensis
Tapponia austera

Family Psechridae
Fecenia ochracea
Psechrus argentatus
Singapore Psechrus Psechrus singaporensis
Psechrus torvus

Wandering Spiders (Family Ctenidae)
Acantheis longiventris
White-striped Wandering Spider Anahita fauna
Ctenus corniger

Superfamily Dictynoidea

Intertidal Spiders (Family Desidae)
Desis martensi

Dwarf Sheet Spiders (Family Hahniidae)
Alistra stenura

Superfamily Corinnoidea

Liocranid Sac Spiders (Family Liocranidae)
Sesieutes lucens

Long-legged Sac Spiders (Family Miturgidae)
Cheiracanthium croceum
Cheiracanthium magiferae
Cheiracanthium suvae
Cheiracanthium thorelli

Sac Spiders (Family Clubionidae)
Stout Sac Spider Clubiona sp.
Matidia trinotata
Nusatidia javana
Pteroneta tertia

Dark Sac Spiders (Family Corinnidae)
Corinnomma severum
Grainy Oedignatha Oedignatha scrobiculata

Superfamily Zodaroidea

Ground Spiders (Family Zodariidae)
Spotted Ground Spider Mallinella cinctipes
Mallinella zebra
Storena juvenca
Cryptothele sundaica

Superfamily Gnaphosoidea

Family Cithaeronidae
Cithaeron praedonius

Superfamily Sparassoidea

Huntsman Spiders (Family Sparassidae)
Gnathopalystes kochi
Domestic Huntsman Spider (Heteropoda venatoria)
Olios cursor
Olios lutescens
Olios perezi
Seramba bifasciata
Stasina planithorax
Malaysian Orange Huntsman (Thelcticopis modesta)

Superfamily Thomisoidea

Crab Spiders (Family Thomisidae)
Alcimochthes limbatus
Amyciaea forticeps
Ant-like Crab Spider Amyciaea lineatipes
Diamond-bellied Crab Spider Angaeus rhombifer
Boliscus tuberculatus
Litter Crab Spider Borboropactus sp.
Epidius bipunctatus
Lycopus rubropictus
Misumena semicincta
Misumenops dierythrus
Nepenthes Crab Spider Misumenops nepenthicola
Green Crab Spider Oxytate virens
Philodamia hilaris
Philodamia variata
Piatythomisus octomaculatus
Sanmenia kohi
Synema lineatum
Thomisus callidus
Thomisus guangxicus
Stoliczka's Crab Spider Thomisus stoliczka
Tmarus pulchripes

Superfamily Salticoidea

Jumping Spiders (Family Salticidae)
Constricted Agorius Agorius constrictus
Anarrhotus fossulatus
Artabrus erythrocephalus
Asemonea tenuipes
Augustaea formicaria
Bathippus digitalis
Bathippus macilentus
Bathippus rectus
Bavia aericeps
Bavia sexpunctata
Bianor anguIosus
Bristowia heterospinosa
Burmattus pococki
Carrhotus viduus
Elegant Golden Jumper Chrysilla lauta
Grey Cocalus Cocalus murinus
Cosmophasis quadricincta
Cosmophasis thalassina
Shiny Jumping Spider (Cosmophasis umbratica)
Cytaea oreophila
Donoessus nigriceps
Epeus alboguttatus
Yellow-lined Epeus Epeus flavobilineatus
Epeus furcatus
Epeus glorius
Epocilla calcarata
Epocilla praetextata
Horned Grass Jumper Evarcha flavocincta
Evarcha pococki
Gedea tibialis
Gelotia argenteolimbata
Gelotia syringopalpis
Harmochirus brachiatus
Adanson's House Jumper Hasarius adansoni
Heavy Jumper Hyllus diardi
Hyllus lacertosus
ldastrandia orientalis
Mangrove Jumper Ligurra latidens
Common House Jumper Menemerus bivittatus
Mintonia protuberans
Myrmarachne attenuata
Myrmarachne manducator
Giant Ant-like Jumper Myrmarachne maxillosa
Kerengga Ant-like Jumper Myrmarachne plantaleoides
Myrmarchne pygmaea
Nannenus lyriger
Nannenus syrphus
Pancorius kohi
Pancorius magnus
Pancorius minutus
Pancorius protervus
Pancorius thorelli
Malayan Phaeacius Phaeacius malayensis
Multi-coloured Phintella Phintella versicolor
Banded Phintella Phintella vittata
Plexippus coccinatus
Larger Housefly Catcher Plexippus paykulli
Common Housefly Catcher Plexippus petersi
Portia crassipalpis
White-moustached Portia Portia labiata
Pseudicius decemnotatus
Ptocasius gratiosus
Ptocasius montiformis
Ptocasius weyersi
Pystira ephippigera
Rhene flavigera
Rhene setipes
Rogmocrypta puta
Siler flavocinctus
Siler semiglaucus
Simaetha deelemanae
Spiny-legged Jumper Spartaeus spinimanus
Two-striped Telamonia Telamonia dimidiata
Jolly Telamonia Telamonia festiva
Fighting Spider Thiania bhamoensi
Sword-bearing Thorelliola Thorelliola ensifera
Wide-jawed Viciria Viciria praemandibularis

References
[1] http://rmbr.nus.edu.sg/rbz/biblio/50/50rbz359-388.pdf
[2] http://habitatnews.nus.edu.sg/guidebooks/spiders/text/a-home.htm
[3] http://www.esabah.com/Spider/Spider_Singapore.htm
[4] http://research.amnh.org/iz/spiders/catalog/INTRO1.html
[5] http://www.flickr.com/groups/the_ssg/

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