Monday, December 31, 2012

Singapore Mammals

Class Mammalia

House Shrew (Suncus murinus) Southeast Asian White-toothed Shrew (Crocidura fuliginosa)

Sunda Pangolin (Manis javanica)

Common Palm Civet (Paradoxurus hermaphroditus) Three-striped Palm Civet (Arctogalidia trivirgata) Large Indian Civet (Viverra zibetha) Malay Civet (Viverra tangalunga)

Asian Small-clawed Otter (Aonyx cinereus) Smooth Otter (Lutrogale perspicillata) Leopard Cat (Prionailurus bengalensis)

Dugong Elephant
Dugong (Dugong dugon) Asian Elephant (Elaphas maximus)

Indo-Pacific Bottlenose Dolphin (Tursiops aduncus) Common Bottlenose Dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) Indo-Pacific Humpback Dolphin (Sousa chinensis) Irrawaddy Dolphin (Orcaella brevirostris)
Risso's Dolphin (Grampus griseus) Fraser's Dolphin (Lagenodelphis hosei) False Killer Whale (Pseudorca crassidens) Pantropical Spotted Dolphin (Stenella attenuata)
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Spinner Dolphin (Stenella longirostris) Finless Porpoise (Neophocaena phocaenoides) Sei Whale (Balaenoptera borealis) Bryde's Whale (Balaenoptera edeni)
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Sperm Whale (Physeter macrocephalus)

Even-toed Ungulates
Wild Pig (Sus scrofa) Sambar (Rusa unicolor) Lesser Mousedeer (Tragulus kancil) Greater Mousedeer (Tragulus napu)

Odd-toed Ungulates
Malayan Tapir (Tapirus indicus )

Asian House Mouse (Mus castaneus) Norway Rat (Rattus norvegicus) Asian House Rat (Rattus tanezumi) Polynesian Rat (Rattus exulans)
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Malaysian Wood Rat (Rattus tiomanicus) Singapore Rat (Rattus annandalei) Brown Spiny Rat (Maxomys rajah) Red Spiny Rat (Maxomys surifer)
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Plantain Squirrel (Callosciurus notatus) Variable Squirrel (Callosciurus finlaysonii) Slender Squirrel (Sundasciurus tenuis) Cream-coloured Giant Squirrel (Ratufa affinis)
Shrew-faced Ground Squirrel (Rhinosciurus laticaudatus) Red-cheeked Flying Squirrel (Hylopetes spadiceus) Horsfield's Flying Squirrel (Iomys horsfieldii) Red Giant Flying Squirrel (Petaurista petaurista)
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Malaysian Porcupine (Hystrix brachyura)

Malayan Flying Fox (Pteropus vampyrus) Lesser Dog-faced Fruit Bat (Cynopterus brachyotis) Dusky Fruit Bat (Penthetor lucasi) Common Long-tongued Fruit Bat (Macroglossus minimus)
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Cave Nectar Bat (Eonycteris spelaea) Lesser Sheath-tailed Bat (Emballonura monticola) Black-bearded Tomb Bat (Taphozous melanopogon) Pouched Tomb Bat (Saccolaimus saccolaimus)
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Southeast Asian Hollow-faced Bat (Nycteris tragata) Lesser False Vampire (Megaderma spasma) Glossy Horseshoe Bat (Rhinolophus lepidus) Trefoil Horseshoe Bat (Rhinolophus trifoliatus)
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Woolly Horseshoe Bat (Rhinolophus luctus) Bicolored Roundleaf Bat (Hipposideros bicolor) Hardwicke's Woolly Bat (Kerivoula hardwickii) Whiskered Myotis (Myotis muricola)
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Grey Large-footed Myotis (Myotis adversus) Lesser Asiatic Yellow House Bat (Scotophilus kuhlii) Lesser Bamboo Bat (Tylonycteris pachypus) Greater Bamboo Bat (Tylonycteris robustula)
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Javan Pipistrelle (Pipistrellus javanicus) Narrow-winged Pipistrelle (Pipistrellus stenopterus) Brown Tube-nosed Bat (Murina suilla) Naked Bulldog Bat (Cheiromeles torquatus)
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Treeshrews Colugos
Common Treeshrew (Tupaia glis) Malayan Colugo (Cynocephalus variegatus)

Sunda Slow Loris (Nycticebus coucang) Long-tailed Macaque (Macaca fascicularis) Banded Leaf Monkey (Presbytis femoralis)


Order Primates

This order contains lemurs, lorises, tarsiers, monkeys, apes. There are 3 species in Singapore - Sunda Slow Loris, Long-tailed Macaque and Banded Leaf Monkey.

Sunda Slow Loris (Nycticebus coucang)

It is nocturnal and rarely encountered.

Long-tailed Macaque (Macaca fascicularis)

One of the most common mammals in Singapore. It is also called the Crab-eating Macaque.

Admiralty Park ©Tan KH

Banded Leaf Monkey (Presbytis femoralis)

The only other monkey that can still be found in Singapore. There are about 40 of them in the Central Catchment.

Upper Seletar ©Con Foley


Order Dermoptera

This order contains only 1 family (Cynocephalidae) with 2 species - Philippines Colugo (Cynocephalus volans) and Malayan Colugo (Galeopterus variegatus). Colugos are also called Flying Lemurs because it is able to glide from tree to tree. It is, however, not a lemur at all.

There is 1 species in Singapore, namely the Malayan Colugo. Although uncommonly seen, it is doing quite well in the Central Catchment. It is also known as Sunda Colugo or Malayan Flying Lemur.

Chestnut Trail ©Eddy Lee

Brown variant. With baby at Seletar ©Eddy Lee

Mother and child at Central Catchment ©Lau JS

Wild colugos within Singapore Zoo compound ©Tan KH

Hindhede Nature Park ©Tan KH

With a baby ©Tan GC. Central Catchment ©Tan KH

Windsor Nature Park ©Tan KH